Anmerkungen und Quellenangaben: 3. Kapitel

Osama bin Laden: Tot oder lebendig?

Anmerkungen und Quellenangaben

Kapitel 3: Angebliche Nachrichten bin Ladens nach 2001

1. "Paper 'Receives Bin Laden E-mail'", BBC News, 28. März 2002 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/south_asia/newsid_1898000/1898624...)

2. Maamoun Youssef, "Bin Laden Alive, Promises New Attacks and TV Address, Says Al-Qaida Spokesman", Associated Press, 23. Juni 2002 (www.ljworld.com/news/2002/jun/23/bin_laden_alive2)

3. "Al-Jazeera: Bin Laden Tape Praises Hijackers", CNN, 9. September 2002 (http://archives.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/meast/09/09/binladen.tape)

4. Brian Whitaker, "Bin Laden Voice on Video, Says TV Channel", Guardian, 10. Sepember 2002 (www.guardian.co.uk/media/2002/sep/10/alqaida.september112001)

5. "Bin Laden 'Voice' Lists Hijackers", BBC News, 10. September 2002 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2249984.stm)

6. Jason Burke, "Bin Laden Still Alive, Reveals Spy Satellite", Guardian, 6. Oktober 2002 (www.guardian.co.uk/world/2002/oct/06/alqaida.terrorism)

7. ebda.

8. "Karzai: Bin Laden 'Probably' Dead", CNN, 7. Oktober 2002 (www.edition.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/asiapcf/central/10/06/karzai.binladen)

9. Brian Whitaker, "Swiss Scientists 95% Sure that Bin Laden Recording Was a Fake", Guardian, 30. November 2001 (www.guardian.co.uk/world/2002/nov/30/alqaida.terrorism)

10. James Risen, "Qaeda Broadcast; Experts Conclude That Voice on Tape Belongs to bin Laden", New York Times, 19. November 2002 (www.nytimes.com/2002/11/19/world/threats-responses-qaeda-broadcast-exper...)

11. ebda.

12. Johanna McGeary und Douglas Waller, "Why Can't We Find Bin Laden?", Time, 25. November 2002 (www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1003727,00.html)

13. Whitaker, "Swiss Scientists 95% Sure that Bin Laden Recording Was a Fake"

14. "Bin Laden Tape a Fake, Swiss Lab Says", Associated Press, 28. November 2002 (www.prisonplanet.com/bin_laden_tape_a_fake_swiss_lab_says.htm)

15. "IDIAP Analysis of the Latest Bin Laden Tape", Dezember 2002
(http://web.archive.org/web/20030404223517/http://www.idiap.ch/pages/pres...)

16. Steve Kettmann, "Doubt Cast on bin Laden Tape", Wired.com, 3. Dezember 2002 (www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2002/12/56670)

17. "Tape Urges Muslim Fight against U.S.", CNN, 12. Februar 2003 (www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/02/11/powell.binladen)

18. "White House Publicizes Tape Hours Before Release", Associated Press, 11. Februar 2003 (www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,78311,00.html)

19. David Johnston, "Threats and Responses: Washington, Top U.S. Officials Press Case Linking Iraq to Al Qaeda", New York Times, 12. Februar 2003 (www.nytimes.com/2003/02/12/world/threats-responses-washington-top-us-off...)

20. "White House Publicizes Tape Hours Before Release"

21. "Tape Urges Muslim Fight against U.S."

22. "US Authenticates 'Bin Laden' Tape", BBC News, 15. Februar 2003 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2765325.stm)

23. Für den gesamten Text siehe "Bin Laden Tape: Text", BBC News, 12. Februar 2003 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/2751019.stm)

24. William M. Arkin, "When Seeing and Hearing Isn't Believing", Washington Post, 1. Februar 1999 (www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/dotmil/arkin020199.htm)

25. ebda.

26. Maggie Michael, "Bin Laden, in Statement to U.S. People, Says He Ordered Sept. 11 Attacks", Associated Press, 29. Oktober 2004
(www.signonsandiego.com/news/nation/terror/20041029-1423-binladentape.html)

27. "New Bin Laden Tape Surfaces: Unclear When Tape Was Made", CBS News, 29. Oktober 2004 (www.newsmine.org/content.php?ol=9-11/binladen/after-death-in-dec-2001/oc...)

28. "The Full Version of Osama bin Laden's Speech" [veröffentlicht am 29. Oktober 2004], Middle East Research Institute, 5. November 2004 (www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Area=sd&ID=SP81104)

29. B. Raman, "OBL's Tape: One More Spin in US Presidential Campaign?", South Asia Analysis Group, 1. November 2004 (www.southasiaanalysis.org/paper1155)

30. Ebda. Raman akzeptiert, ohne auf diese Probleme hinzuweisen, dennoch die Echtheit des Bandes und vermutet, al-Qaida würde es dazu verwenden, die US-Präsidentschaftswahlen zu beeinflussen.

31. "Bin Laden's Warning: Full Text", BBC News, 7. Oktober 2001 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/1585636.stm)

32. "BBC Transcript of Osama Bin Laden Statement", 7. November 2001 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/world/monitoring/media_reports/1636782.stm)

33. "Bin Laden's Warning: Full Text"

34. "BBC Transcript of Osama Bin Laden Statement"

35. "Arnaud de Borchgrave Interviews Hameed Gul, Former Chief of Pakistan's Inter Services Intelligence", UPI, 26. September 2001 (www.strategypage.com/militaryforums/594-499.aspx)

36. Siehe Steve Coll, "Young Osama", New Yorker, 12. Dezember 2005 (www.newyorker.com/archive/2005/12/12/051212fa_fact); siehe auch "In the Footsteps of Bin Laden", CNN, 23. August 2006 (http://transcripts.cnn.com/transcripts/0608/23/cp.01.html)

37. Najwa und Omar bin Laden sowie Jean Sasson: Growing Up Bin Laden: Osama’s Wife and Son Take Us Inside Their Secret World, New York, St. Martin’s, 2009, Kapitel 2, Married Life, von Najwa bin Laden, Seite 12-29, ab Seite 19

38. Bin Laden Releases New Videotape, Larry King Live, CNN, 29. Oktober 2004 (http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0410/29/lkl.01.html)

39. Robert Draper, Dead Certain: The Presidency of George W. Bush, New York, Free Press, 2008, Seite 263

40. Ron Suskind, The One Percent Doctrine: Deep Inside America's Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11, New York, Simon & Schuster, 2006, Seite 336

41. Philip Sherwell, "Bush Takes a Six-Point Lead After New Bin Laden Tape", Telegraph, 1. November 2004 (www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/1475515/Bush-takes-a...)

42. "Kerry Blames Defeat on Bin Laden", BBC News, 31. Januar 2005 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4222647.stm); "Bush Says Bin Laden Tape Aided Re-Election: Report", Reuters, 28. Februar 2006 (www.redorbit.com/news/politics/408991/bush_says_bin_laden_tape_aided_ree...)

43. "CIA: New Bin Laden Tape Likely al Qaeda Leader", CNN, 17. Dezember 2004 (www.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/meast/12/16/bin.laden.tape/index.html)

44. "Bin Laden Challenge", Newshour with Jim Lehrer, Abschrift, PBS Online Newshour, 16. Dezember 2004 (www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/terrorism/july-dec04/osama_12-16.html)

45. "CIA: New Bin Laden Tape Likely al Qaeda Leader"

46. ebda.

47. "Timeline: The Search for Bin Laden", BBC News, 23. April 2006 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/2827261.stm)

48. Siehe http://web.archive.org/web/20041230165329/http://www.middle-east-online....

49. "Tape Opposing Iraqi Vote Attributed to bin Laden", Associated Press, 28.Dezember 2004 (www.nytimes.com/2004/12/28/international/middleeast/28laden.html?pagewan...); "'Bin Laden' Calls for Iraqi Poll Boycott", Agence France-Presse, 28. Dezember 2004
(www.abc.net.au/news/2004-12-28/bin-laden-calls-for-iraqi-poll-boycott/60...)

50. Dexter Filkins, "US Says Files Seek Qaeda Aid in Iraq Conflict", New York Times, 9. Februar 2004 (www.nytimes.com/2004/02/09/world/the-struggle-for-iraq-intelligence-us-s...)

51. "In Iraq, a Clear-Cut Bin Laden-Zarqawi Alliance", Christian Science Monitor, 30. Dezember 2004 (www.csmonitor.com/2004/1230/p01s03-woiq.html)

52. "'Bin Laden' Calls for Iraqi Poll Boycott", Agence France-Presse, 28. Dezember 2004 (www.abc.net.au/news/2004-12-28/bin-laden-calls-for-iraqi-poll-boycott/60...)

53. "Tape Opposing Iraqi Vote Attributed to bin Laden", Associated Press, 28. Dezember 2004 (www.nytimes.com/2004/12/28/international/middleeast/28laden.html?pagewan...)

54. "U.S. Rejects Bin Laden Tape's 'Truce' Offer", CNN, 19. Januar 2006
(www.cnn.com/2006/US/01/19/binladen.tape/index.html)

55. Hassan M. Fattah, "Bin Laden Re-emerges, Warning U.S. While Offering 'Truce'", New York Times, 19. Januar 2006 (www.nytimes.com/2006/01/19/international/middleeast/19cnd-tape.html)

56. "U.S. Rejects Bin Laden Tape's 'Truce' Offer", CNN, 19. Januar 2006 (www.cnn.com/2006/US/01/19/binladen.tape/index.html)

57. Amber Rupinta, "Duke Professor Skeptical of bin Laden Tape", ABC News, 19. Januar 2006 (www.abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=news/local&id=3828678)

58. Tim Weiner, "The Kashmir Connection: A Puzzle", New York Times, 7. Dezember 2008 (www.nytimes.com/2008/12/07/weekinreview/07weiner.html)

59. Michael Slackman, "Bin Laden Says West Is Waging War Against Islam", New York Times, 24. April 2006 (www.nytimes.com/2006/04/24/world/middleeast/24binladen.html)

60. ebda.

61. Für McClellans Aussage siehe "Press Gaggle by Scott McClellan", Weißes Haus, 23. April 2006 (www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=64364#axzz1c2tZ79LK); für einen Bericht, der diese Aussage einfach übernahm, siehe "White House: US Intel Says Bin Laden Tape Authentic", Reuters, 23. April 2006 (www.eslfreepress.typepad.com/the_esl_free_press/2006/04/new_bin_laden_t....).

62. "US Believes bin Laden Tape Authentic", Reuters/Australian Broadcasting Corporation News, 24. April 2006 (www.abc.net.au/news/2006-04-24/us-believes-bin-laden-tape-authentic/1737516)

63. "On Tape, bin Laden Mourns al-Zarqawi's Death", CNN, 30. Juni 2006 (http://edition.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/meast/06/30/binladen.tape/index.html)

64. "Bin Laden Appears in New al-Qaida Video", Associated Press, 14. Juli 2007 (www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/14/AR2007071401028...); Jeffrey Imm, "Newly Released Message: Osama Bin Laden Calls for Islamic Martyrdom", Counterterrorism Blog, 14. Juli 2007 (www.counterterrorismblog.org/2007/07/osama_bin_laden_july_14.php); Rhonda Schwartz und Hoda Osman, "Possible New Message from Osama Bin Laden", ABC News, 14. Juli 2007 (www.abcnews.go.com/blogs/headlines/2007/07/possible-new-me)

65. "Bin Laden Slams Global Capitalism in New Video", Associated Press, 6. September 2007 (www.usatoday.com/news/world/2007-09-06-bin-laden-video_N.htm), zu sehen auf www.hanein.info/vb/showthread.php?t=128806&page=1

66. Brian Ross, "New Videotape From Bin Laden; Al Qaeda's No. 1 Still Alive", ABC News, 7. September 2007 (www.abcnews.go.com/blogs/headlines/2007/09/new-videotape-f)

67. Für Ross’ Aussage siehe "Coming Soon: New Fake Bin Laden Video – Just in Time for 9/11", YouTube (www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZq_4PIbnhI).

68. Ross, "New Videotape from Bin Laden; Al Qaeda's No. 1 Still Alive". In der Abschrift von ABC scheint es zwei Fehler zu geben: das Weglassen des Wortes „ago“ sowie die schriftliche Wiedergabe von „passed“ an einer Stelle, an der Clarke mit Sicherheit „pasted“ sagt.

69. ebda.

70. "Bin Laden Slams Global Capitalism in New Video"

71. Fox News stellte am 31. Oktober 2007 die Frage "Usama Tape Doctored?" und interviewte Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, Vizepräsident für Forschung der Foundation for the Defense of Democracies. Zu dem Bart befragt antwortete er: »Unter bestimmten Umständen ist es im islamischen Recht erlaubt, den Bart schwarz zu färben, beispielsweise als Mittel im Krieg, um als furchteinflößender Gegner zu erscheinen«, zitiert aus Analyst, "Still Images Suggest Bin Laden Video Doctored to Seem New" von David Edwards und Muriel Kane, Raw Story, 1. November 2007 (www.rawstory.com/news/2007/Osamas_lush_black_beard_in_latest_1101.html)

72. "Ex-CIA Operative Discusses 'The Devil We Know'"

73. Für solch ein lächerliches Beispiel siehe "New Osama Bin Laden Video", YouTube (www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZEW8pdFuoag). In diesem Video trug der Darsteller einen sehr langen tiefschwarzen Bart und sagte: »Hallo, lange nicht gesehen. Ich bin's, Osama bin Laden. Oh nein, das hier darf nicht mit einem Video für Haarfärbemittel für Männer verwechselt werden. (…) Ich mache dieses Video, um der Welt zu beweisen, dass ich noch gesund und munter bin.«

74. Robert Windrem und Victor Limjoco, "Was Bin Laden's Last Video Faked?", MSNBC, 29. Oktober 2007 (www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21530470)

75. ebda.

76. "Bin Laden Urges Europe to Pull Forces from Afghanistan", Associated Press, 29. November 2007 (www.cbc.ca/world/story/2007/11/29/binladen-tape.html)

77. "Bin Laden 'Message' to Europeans", BBC News, 29. November 2007 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7119803.stm)

78. "Bin Laden Urges Europe to Pull Forces from Afghanistan"

79. Firouz Sedarat, "Bin Laden Urges Europe to Quit Afghanistan", Reuters, 29. November 2007 (http://uk.reuters.com/article/2007/11/30/uk-binladen-europe-idUKL2912911...)

80. "Bin Laden Criticizes EU for Publication of Anti-Islamic Cartoons", Associated Press, 20. März 2008 (www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-binladen20mar20,1,7124169.s...). Eine englische Übersetzung des Audiobandes kann gehört werden unter: www.reuters.com/resources/flash/includevideo.swf?edition=US&videoId=78524.

81. "Purported bin Laden Message: Iraq is 'Perfect Base'", CNN, 20. März 2008 (www.edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/meast/03/20/binladen.message/index.html)

82. "'Bin Laden' Message Condemns Israeli Anniversary", Guardian, 16. Mai 2008 (www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/may/16/osamabinladen.alqaida)

83. "Osama Bin Laden Issues New Message", Associated Press, 18. Mai 2008 (www.cbs5.com/national/osama.bin.laden.2.726868.html)

84. "Cheney Defends US 'War on Terror'", Agence France-Presse, 21. Dezember 2008 (www.theage.com.au/world/cheney-defends-us-war-on-terror-policies-2008122...)

85. "White House: Bin Laden's Influence Waning", CBS News, 14. Januar 2009 (www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/01/14/terror/main4722301.shtml?source.RSSat...)

86. Deb Riechmann, "White House: Audiotape Shows Bin Laden Is Isolated", Associated Press, 14. Januar 2009 (www.newsvine.com/_news/2009/01/14/2309868-white-house-audiotape-shows-bi...); Brian Ross, "Examination of Tape Raises Questions about Osama bin Laden's Health", ABC News, 15. Januar 2009 (www.abcnews.go.com/Blotter/story?id=6653678&page=1)

87. "Bin Laden Urges War on Israel", BBC, 14. Januar 2009 (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7829716.stm)

88. Deb Riechmann, "White House: Audiotape Shows Bin Laden Is Isolated"

89. Alan Cowell und Graham Bowley, "Bin Laden, on Tape, Urges Holy War Over Gaza", New York Times (www.nytimes.com/2009/01/14/world/africa/14iht-15binladen.19357853.html)

90. Brian Ross, "Examination of Tape Raises Questions about Osama bin Laden's Health"

91. ebda.

92. "Where Is Osama Bin Laden?", CBS News, 7. September 2007 (www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/09/07/eveningnews/main3243560.shtml)